Bacterial vaginosis and vulvovaginal candidiasis

Kuznetsova I.V., Chilova R.A.

I.M. Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University, Ministry of Health of Russia, Moscow 119146, Bolshaya Pirogovskaya str. 19 bld. 1, Russia
Objective. To carry out a systems analysis of the data available in the current literature on the pathogenesis, therapy, and prevention of vaginal infections caused by the pathogens of bacterial vaginosis (BV) and vulvovaginal candidiasis (VVC).
Material and methods. The review includes the data of foreign and Russian articles published in the past 10 years and found in Pubmed on this topic.
Results. The paper highlights the main pathways of pathogenesis and the causes of recurrent vaginal coinfection. It describes methods for the treatment of women with BV and VVC and presents the optimal therapy and prevention schemes for recurrent vaginal infectious diseases, which have evidence-based effectiveness.
Conclusion. The features of a microbial portrait and immune status predispose to recurrent BV and VVC, the presence of which results in coinfection. The cause of the latter is also repeated therapy for recurrent monoinfection. First-line therapy for BV is recognized to include metronidazole and clindamycin; the advantages of the latter are a wider spectrum of activity against the microorganisms that are difficult to identify. To treat coinfection and to prevent VVC in patients with BV, it is advisable to use fluconazole that also remains a first-line treatment option for vaginal infection caused by Candida albicans.


bacterial vaginosis
vulvovaginal candidiasis
recurrent vulvovaginal candidiasis


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Received 12.04.2018

Accepted 28.04.2018

About the Authors

Irina Vsevolodovna Kuznetsova, MD, Professor of the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, I.M. Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University, Ministry of Health of Russia. 119146, Russia, Moscow, Bolshaya Pirogovskaya str. 19 bld. 1
Raisa Alekseevna Chilova, MD, Professor of the Department of Obste

For citations: Kuznetsova I.V., Chilova R.A. Bacterial vaginosis and vulvovaginal candidiasis. Akusherstvo i Ginekologiya/Obstetrics and Gynecology. 2018; (5): 143-9. (in Russian)

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