Prevention of iron-deficiency states in reproductive-aged women

Kuznetsova I.V.

I.M. Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University
Objective. To carry out a systematic analysis of the data available in the literature on the prevention of iron-deficiency states in reproductive-aged women.
Material and methods. Foreign and Russian articles published in the past 15 years were sought in the international database Pubmed for their analysis.
Results. The paper gives the classification of iron-deficiency states, their basic mechanisms and clinical symptoms and highlights the factors influencing the development of iron deficiency in women of reproductive age. It presents the current principles of the diagnosis and treatment of various forms of iron deficiency and ways of its prevention. Particular emphasis is placed on clinical diagnostic methods for iron deficiency and on the possibilities of preventing iron-deficiency anemia with oral iron preparations.
Conclusion. Timely recognition of iron-deficiency states and their correction with oral iron preparations are one of the most important components of health preservation in reproductive- aged women.

Keywords

anemia
iron
sideropenia
heavy menstrual bleeding
oral iron preparations
vitamins

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Received 08.09.2017

Accepted 22.09.2017

About the Authors

Irina Vsevolodovna Kuznetsova, MD, professor of the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology No. 1, Therapeutic Faculty, I.M. Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University. 119992, Russia, Moscow, Malaya Trubetskaya str. 8, bld. 2

For citations: Kuznetsova I.V. Prevention of iron-deficiency states in reproductive-aged women. Akusherstvo i Ginekologiya/Obstetrics and Gynecology. 2017; (12): 31-7. (in Russian)
https://dx.doi.org/10.18565/aig.2017.12.31-37

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