Pelvic floor dysfunction before and after childbirth and preventive strategies in obstetric practice

Kochev D.M., Dikke G.B.

1Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia, Moscow 117198, Miklukho-Maklaya str. 8, Russia 2ZAO “Pentkroft Farma”, Moscow 129110, pr. Mira 68, bld. 2, Russia
Objective. To determine the rate of pelvic floor dysfunction (PFD) in women during pregnancy and in postpartum and late periods.
Material and methods. The data of 50 foreign and Russian sources found in international databases on this topic were analyzed.
Results. PFD (urinary incontinence and pelvic organ prolapse) occurred in 40% of women already during pregnancy and lasted in the majority of them 6–8 weeks postpartum. After one year, the rate of PFD increased by 7–10% and following 10 years, it rose by 25%, amounting 50–77%. The rate of sexual dysfunction was correlated with the manifestations of PFD, increasing from 20% postpartum and up to 50–80% in the late periods. On the contrary, the rate of fecal incontinence decreased, but not in women who had experienced third-to-fourth degree perineal ruptures.
Conclusion. The findings suggest that there is a need to screen women who require therapeutic measures, starting just in the postpartum period.


pelvic floor dysfunction
urinary incontinence
fecal incontinence
sexual dysfunction
postpartum period


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Received 10.02.2017

Accepted 17.02.2017

About the Authors

Kochev Dmitry M., CEO, ZAO “Pentkroft Farma”. 129110, Russia, Moscow, pr. Mira 68, bld. 2. Tel.: +74957887746. E-mail:
Dikke Galina B., Honoured Science and Education, MD, professor of obstetrics, gynecology and reproductive medicine, faculty of continuing medical education,
Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia. 117198, Russia, Moscow, Miklukho-Maklaya str. 8. Tel.: +74954345300. E-mail:

For citations: Kochev D.M., Dikke G.B. Pelvic floor dysfunction before and
after childbirth and preventive strategies in obstetric practice.
Akusherstvo i Ginekologiya/Obstetrics and Gynecology. 2017; (5): 9-15. (in Russian)

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