A clinical case of the course of pregnancy and childbirth in a female patient with chronic demyelinating polyneuropathy, frontal lobe meningioma, and single kidney

Yupatov Е.Yu., Filyushina A.V.

Kazan State Medical Academy, Branch, Russian Medical Academy of Continuing Professional Education, Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation, Kazan, Russia
Background: Extragenital pathology is now becoming one of the main causes of maternal mortality in the Russian Federation. The introduction of clinical protocols and guidelines is aimed at changing the situation. The established practice imposes responsibility on an obstetrician/gynecologist for the course and outcomes of pregnancy and childbirth, and therefore the obstetricians/gynecologists need to have a broader clinical outlook, by constantly improving their knowledge. One of the serious challenges is comorbidity that is a combination of a number of diseases, each of which individually can play a decisive role in shaping the outcome of childbirth. The description of a clinical case of a rare combination of extragenital diseases will, in our opinion, serve as a good addition to the education of obstetricians/gynecologists. Chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy (CIDP), convexity meningioma, and the absence of a kidney, all together are a risk for premature birth and a complication during and after pregnancy.
Case report: The paper describes a clinical case of patient management from of pregravid preparation, during pregnancy and childbirth to the postpartum period with a combination of diseases, such as CIDP, convexity meningioma of the frontal lobe, and a single kidney, which had clinical manifestations as decreased vibration sensitivity in the lower extremities and as gait with ataxic elements. The growth of meningioma and the functional state of a single kidney were monitored throughout the pregnancy. The decision to present the clinical case is due to a rare combination of the above diseases in one individual.
Conclusion: Patients with concomitant extragenital diseases constitute a main risk group for unfavorable perinatal outcomes. Unfortunately, there are presently no clinical guidelines for each ICD-10 code. The only correct strategy for managing these patients is appropriate pregravid training, a joint follow-up with physicians of related specialties throughout the gestation period. Adequate organization of perinatal monitoring determines the possibility of prolonging pregnancy and the birth of a healthy baby.


single kidney
high-risk pregnancy
concomitant extragenital pathology


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Received 29.03.2021

Accepted 26.04.2021

About the Authors

Evgeniy Yu. Yupatov, PhD, Head of the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Kazan State Medical Academy, +7(917)873-87-21,
evguenii@yahoo.com, https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8945-8912, 420012, Russia, Kazan, Butlerova str., 36.
Alina V. Filyushina, resident of the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Kazan State Medical Academy, +7(987)219-42-08,
alina-filjushina@yandex.ru, https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4872-3975, 420012, Russia, Kazan, Butlerova str., 36.

Authors' contributions: Yupatov Е.Yu. – concept and design of the investigation; editing; Yupatov Е.Yu., A.V. Filyushina A.V. – material collection and processing.
Conflicts of interest: The authors declare that there are no conflicts of interest.
Funding: There is no source of funding.
Patients’ Consent to Publication: The patient has signed an informed consent to the publication of her data.
Authors' Data Sharing Statement: The data supporting the findings of this study are available on request from the corresponding author after approval from the principal investigator.
For citation: Yupatov Е.Yu., Filyushina A.V. A clinical case of the course of pregnancy and childbirth in a female patient with chronic demyelinating polyneuropathy,
frontal lobe meningioma, and single kidney.
Akusherstvo i Ginekologiya/Obstetrics and Gynecology. 2021; 10: 170-173 (in Russian)

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